The Marine and Coastal Systems (OCS) research directorate has two departments namely marine and coastal fisheries, and oceanography and hydrography.
Marine and Coastal Fisheries
The Marine and Coastal Fisheries is one of the core research departments for KMFRI. The overall goal of both departments is to provide competent scientific information and data on the sustainable management of marine and coastal fishery resources through ecosystem approach. The Department is responsible for inventorying and assessment of fish stocks: their spatial and temporal abundance and distribution, fish ecology and biology, and population dynamics. Post-harvest technology and value addition research is also undertaken by the two departments. Post-harvest technology and value addition covers fish handling and processing and investigating and isolating active substances from aquatic plants and animals for medicinal and nutritional values. It also undertakes studies on fish safety and quality assurance.
Fisheries resources are an important source of food in Kenya and fish forms part of the daily diet for our people. Fisheries exploited include the marine or coastal. Thus it is important to manage these resources for sustainable use and develop new ones where appropriate.
Oceanography and Hydrography
This Department deals with physical, chemical, biological and geological oceanography of the offshore, inshore and near shore waters. Sea level monitoring is carried out to generate data to forecast tidal variations along the Kenyan coast and to detect extreme oceanic events such as storm surges, cyclones and tsunamis. This Department is also responsible for: research on sustainable use and protection of aquatic resources in marine waters, critical habitats such as mangroves, seagrass beds and corals, monitoring and documenting the physical (including geological) and chemical characteristics (water quality, pollution and nutrient dynamics) of the various aquatic ecosystems to discern natural and/or human induced changes. In addition, the Department undertakes studies on the interrelationships between biota and their aquatic environments in relation to fisheries, aquaculture and conservation of biodiversity. The department promotes integrated coastal Zone Management (ICZM) approach in the management of coastal and marine resources.
The Assistant Director in charge of Oceanography and Hydrography department is Dr. Joseph Kamau
This is one of the core research programs for KMFRI. The programme is responsible for inventorying and assessment of fish stocks: their special and temporal abundance and distribution. The program also undertakes studies on the interaction between fisheries organisms and their environment, fish population dynamics, fish diseases from natural causes and due to environmental degradation, and investigates adaptive fishing technologies conducive to our environmental conditions.
Fisheries resources are an important source of food in Kenya and fish forms part of the daily diet for our people. Fisheries exploited include both freshwater and marine or coastal. Thus it is important to manage these resources for sustainable use and develop new ones where appropriate.
The Assistant Director in charge of Marine and Coastal Fisheries department is Dr. Nina Wambiji
KMFRI has adopted a multidisciplinary programme approach in research based on six research programmes namely, Fisheries, Aquaculture research and development, environment and ecology, natural products and post harvest, socio-economics and information and data management. Two of these programmes namely fisheries and aquaculture are core programmes of the institute. Each programme is headed by a coordinator of which there are 12, six for each research division.
The programme is responsible for investigating new and adoptive culture species and techniques for enhanced fish production in ponds, tanks, raceways, and through cage and pen culture. Similarly, the program undertakes studies on the following: integrated aquaculture production in irrigation systems, -Appropriate seed (fingerlings) production.
Feed formulation and production.
Hatchery development and operations techniques.
Appropriate stocking levels for different production systems.
Genetic and hormonal manipulation for increased fish production in aquaculture systems.
The Assistant Director in charge of Marine and Coastal Fisheries department is Dr. David Mirera